The difficulties associated with mining in Cameroon are manifold. This is not only due to the impertinence or the insufficiency of texts, but also and especially due to deficits of integrity in the mining value chain in Cameroon. To attract investors in the mining sector, and promote the sustainable exploitation of mineral resources, the State of Cameroon has undertaken many efforts that have resulted in the creation of institutions such as CAPAM and the adoption of the mining code of 2016.The existing institutions and texts do not necessarily alleviate the controversy that this sector arouses in our country. Write-ups abound, such as work of student researchers in the mining sector and the advocacy of civil society (in this case Transparency International, Foder and others) which denounce upstream, influence peddling, favoritism, fraud, corruption, etc. . Downstream, we find in the exploitation, the use of prohibited equipment, the non-recording of the quantities produced, the exploitation without authorization and the non-respect of the allocated spaces. Faced with all these difficulties, the list of which is not exhaustive, the Head of State signed on December 14, 2020, a decree creating the SONAMINES (National Mining Corporation) with mandate to henceforth manage the interests of the State in the mining sector. It is placed under the supervision of two ministries, in particular that of the Ministry of Mines which provides technical supervision and the Ministry of Finance which provides financial supervision. The advent of this decision raises questions: has the advocacy of civil society aroused an awakening of decision makers and the reaction of the Head of State? Does the creation of SONAMINES resolve the value crises within the mining sector in our country? What will change after this decree?
The answers to these questions are the subject of this article. On the one hand, we will analyse SONAMINES with the difficulties linked to mining in our country (I), and in a second part we will try to see what will change after its material establishment (II).
Les difficultés liées à l’exploitation minière sont multiples au Cameroun. Cela n’est pas seulement dû à l’impertinence ou à l’insuffisance des textes, mais aussi et surtout à des déficits d’intégrité dans la chaine de valeur minière. Pour attirer les investisseurs dans le secteur minier, et favoriser l’exploitation durable des ressources minières, l’Etat du Cameroun a entrepris beaucoup d’efforts ayant abouti à la création des institutions telles que la CAPAM et des réformes ayant abouti à l’adoption du code minier de 2016. Cela n’a pour autant pas épuisé la controverse que suscite ce secteur dans notre pays